OASAS’s Opioid Treatment Program Locations’ Concordance with Racist Redlining Maps

To see the presentation by Shawn Hill at the Rockefeller Institute of Government’s Developing Evidence-Based Drug Policy Conference (October 14, 2021) see:

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/14DyAjBrGWu8a9EoEP25N3B9J8gCtzsJUV2lYPjJ9Jyc/edit?usp=sharing

or watch the recording of the presentation:

Redlining and Opioid Treatment Programs in New York City

The New York State addiction agency – OASAS – has licensed decades of opioid treatment programs (OTPs) throughout New York.

Examining the locations of the 69 OTPs in New York City, shows a non-random spatial pattern that can be compared to neighborhoods that were racially redlined in 1938. When the two geographies (separated by over 80 years) are overlaid, a shocking correspondence is immediately seen. 96% of OASAS licensed OTPs in New York City, are located in residential areas that had been redlined as “Definitely Declining” or “Hazardous”.

[The map, above, shows 1938 redlined New York City with dots indicating the location of 21st century opioid treatment programs]

This classic example of conscious and unconscious structural racism – locating OTPs under the guise of care while actually mirroring an 80 year-old map’s racist community designations – has had tremendously negative consequences for Harlem and East Harlem. The intense density of large methadone mega centers attracts a daily influx of drug dealers who feed and profit on the concentration of methadone patients. The dealers in turn attract (non-patient) users, who commute into Harlem and East Harlem in order to purchase. The inevitable outcome is that dealing increases, using increases, and overdoses increase – all of which are then used by OASAS to justify increasing the capacity of programs in fragile communities.

To see the full presentation of this cycle, see the video below – a presentation at Rockefeller Institute of Government at the Developing Evidence-Based Drug Policy Conference 2021.

https://fordham.hosted.panopto.com/Panopto/Pages/Viewer.aspx?id=b8f0dec0-2592-475d-8e8e-adc600cc2bd6

Seminar/Talk on Redlining

Event on 3rd Dec 2020 where author of award-winning book “Redlined” gives a seminar

The Greater Harlem Coalition uses the term ‘redlining’ in context of how Harlem and East Harlem became the communities that they are today.

On Dec. 3rd, at 7:00 PM, The Washington and Chicago Map Societies will host Linda Gartz in a Zoom discussion: “How Federal Government Redlining Maps Segregated America.” 

She will discuss her award-winning book, “Redlined,” and her discovery of the redlining maps used by the federal government to exclude African-Americans from the middle-class dream of home ownership. Inspired by a trove of long-hidden family letters, diaries, photos, spanning the 20th Century, “Redlined” interweaves a riveting family story with the history of redlining. Linda will display digitized versions of original redlining maps, share photos, read short excerpts from “Redlined,” and speak about the lasting impact of redlining maps that segregated America. 

To join in, please RSVP John Docktor at washmap@gmail.com